Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled and converted to liquid to facilitate storage and transportation. It consists predominantly of methane and has a significantly lower volume than natural gas. LNG is transported and stored in insulated containers to avoid evaporation.
One of the key drivers of the global LNG market is the Australian liquefaction capacity, which accounts for 70% of global capacity. When fully developed, it could overtake Qatar as the world’s largest LNG exporter. The growth in US LNG exports and their impact on global prices, combined with the increasing Chinese LNG demand, will determine the future of the LNG world. Another driver of the LNG market is the Fukushima disaster, which has held back Japan’s nuclear growth and restricted the Asian market, given that Japan is the world’s largest LNG importer.