Biopower (or bioenergy) today has become a vital part of the global renewable energy mix and account for an ever-growing share of electric capacity added worldwide. A wide range of biomass sources are used to produce bioenergy in a variety of forms. For instance, food, fiber and wood process residues from the industrial sector; short rotation crops as well as agricultural wastes and forest residues can all be utilized to generate electricity, heat, combined heat and power, and other forms of bioenergy.
Global cumulative biopower installed capacity increased significantly from 49 Gigawatts (GW) in 2006 to 87.6 GW in 2013. The rise in global installed capacity during this period can be attributed to the installations in Brazil and China. Brazil used almost entirely solid-biomass conversion, with negligible biogas capacity addition. China, on the other hand, installed both biomass and biogas plants. Steady growth of the cumulative capacity is expected to continue, to reach 165.1 GW by the end of 2025, with more than 80% of the capacity using solid biomass conversion technology.